In Turkey, after the proclamation of the republic, along with the developments in education, culture and industry. Innovation in art took effect with fast development. Foreign art educators who came to Turkey, set up the basics of our modern day sense of art by having duties in academical staff in this process, the artists that graduated from the academy went to every part of the country and worked a lot for developing the Turkish art education. They had the role as educators in educating new young artists. In the 19th century, along with the industrialization, interrogating and probing sense of thought, developed different statements in aesthetical idea and set ground for interrogating the art based on ideology. The artists who turned the ideas of philosophers into a manifesto, made changes in forms and compositions and tried to reshape art. Along with this change in the west, there were some changes in Turkish art, too. New terms, statements, constactive changes in compositions pened nwee doors from academic language to different tendencies. The works that artists created in a free atmosphere turned into events as group exhibitons at first. But later leaving its place to personal style characteristics and individual exhibitions, a new understanding came out where artists stated their free ideas.
Keywords: Visual perception, art criticism, aesthetic